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Folder Zer0-M

Sustainable concepts towards a zerooutflow municipality

Starting date: 2003-09-01 -Duration (months): 48


Zer0-M aims at concepts and technologies to achieve optimised close-loopusage of all water flows in small municipalities or settlements (e.g.tourism facilities) not connected to a central wastewater treatment - theZero Outflow Municipality (Zer0-M). Several technologies are alreadyavailable, which allow efficient wastewater treatment and re-use withouthygienic risks on a low-cost and easy-to-handle level. These include:sanitation systems with low water consumption; separation of grey and blackwater; biological treatment of grey water and re-use for non-drinkingpurposes (e.g. irrigation); bio-membrane reactors for intense treatment;constructed wetlands for extensive treatment; and sludge hygienisation forre-use as fertiliser.


The project consortium consists of 11 partners from four MediterraneanPartner Countries (MPC) - Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey, plus EUcountries - Italy, Greece, Austria and Germany, and comprises: aMunicipality, environmental NGOs, non-profit professional organisations andresearch institutions.


The project's target groups are: experts from administration, planning andengineers. Awareness-raising measures also target schools and the interestedpublic. Zer0-M wants to enable one centre in each country to implement anddisseminate SWM solutions and to promote its technologies and approach amongauthorities and consumers. Main issues to be taken into consideration are:
  • function, treatment performance and maintenance requirements of existing SWM technologies
  • integrated concepts for different applications of decentralised waste water treatment and re-use
  • small settlements in rural areas with agricultural production
  • isolated tourism facilities
  • peri-urban areas not connected to a centralised waste water collection and treatment system.
  • hygienic aspects and good practice to avoid health hazards, with special regard on re-use of wastewater and sludge for irrigation and fertilisation.
  • costs and tariffs.

Projects planned
  • setting-up of an internet network for experts on the above topics; building up links to existing websites; organisation of regional and international conferences; publication of a journal. (know-how exchange)
  • training and workshops in Training and Demonstration Centres (TDC) in four MEDA-Partner countries addressing different target groups; excursions for experts to visit existing SWM examples in EU countries; updating of relevant legislation in order to discuss SWM-friendly regulations
  • realisation of Zer0-M installations attached to four TDCs (components: water-saving household and sanitary appliances, biological grey water treatment, membrane bioreactors, constructed wetlands); monitoring; pilot implementations for a site in Egypt, a Tunisian rural settlement and a development site in Morocco (technology transfer)
  • case studies on four small municipalities or settlements in the 4 MPCs with the elaboration of Zer0-M concepts; developing cartographic visualisation and representation tools; a software tool for modelling economic effects and a life cycle assessment of environment and health aspects of SWM components
  • CD-ROM containing a video and information about SWM for different target groups (awareness raising)


Partners Countries Contacts
AEE INTEC - Institute for sustainable technologies
(Project coordinator) - web
AT Mr. Martin Regelsberger
LEE - Institut National de Recherche Scientifique et Technique, Laboratoire Eau et Environnement TN Mr. Ahmed Ghrabi
NRC - Water Research & Pollution Control Department, National Research Centre EG Mr. Hussein I. Abdel-Shafy
WTRU - Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Unit MA Prof. Bouchaïb El Hamouri
TUB - TU Berlin, Zentraleinrichtung Kooperation GE Ms. Gisela Hoffmann
wB - Universität Hannover, Zentrale Einrichtung für Weiterbildung GE Dr. Martin Beyersdorf
Fakultät III, Fachgebiet Verfahrenstechnik I GE Mr. Matthias Kaume
IGR - Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna AT Mr. Karel Kriz
Rhodes - Kallithea - Rhodes Sustainability GR Mr. Sevi Skiathiti
ALT - Ambiente e Lavoro Toscana – O.N.L.U.S. IT Mrs. Cristina Pinnazzi
MRC-ESERI - Tübitak-Marmara Research Center TR Mr. Ahmet Baban
FBR - Fachvereinigung Betriebs- und Regenwassernutzung e.V. (fbr) - web GE Dietmar Sperfeld

PDF Presentation in Brussels, 2004 Download
URL Zer0-M project details
5th Mediterranean Water Forum