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News TOP 5 causes and effects of water pollution

Water pollution refers to the contamination of water sources such as oceans, rivers, groundwater, or lakes with toxic substances that make the water unsuitable for consumption and the normal functioning of natural ecosystems. While the world has made significant progress towards ensuring safe drinking water for the largest part of the global population (71% or 5.3 billion people in 2017), around 80% of global wastewater is still returned back into the environment without proper treatment. Many international organizations, such as the UN, are encouraging political and economic stakeholders to make the necessary efforts to ensure an adequate wastewater management infrastructure that can keep pace with the rapid rates of urbanization.Water is polluted by multiple human-induced and natural factors. Those originating from human activity have by far the largest negative impact on the environment and the top five causes of water pollution are: 1- Sewage and industrial wastewaters which are considered to be the primary polluting factors that contaminate the environment with various pathogens, organic matter, and chemical pollutants /2-
Agriculture which leads to the discharge of agrochemicals, drug residues, organic matter, and sediments into the soil and water bodies/ 3- Daily household activities and waste products lead to water pollution. Chemical and organic substances, such as soaps or pharmaceutical elements, once discharged into the sewage system are then difficult to remove. Moreover, household garbage disposed outside of designated dumping sites ends up in natural ecosystems or even in the oceans./ 4- Mining practices harm the environment and water ecosystems in particular. While the mining community and regulatory bodies have been working towards improving mining practices in recent years, the risks of pollution are still high. Drilling disturbs groundwater systems while mine waste sediments and tailings pollute the water/ 5- Accidental, natural, or intentional oil leaks and spills cause significant damage to water sources and ecosystems. As oil is less dense than water, it spreads quickly over the surface significantly slowing response efforts.

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News date 06/05/2022
Working language(s) ENGLISH