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Folder Desertification, Drought and water scarcity

Water Scarcity
Water scarcity refers to the relative shortage of water in a water supply system that may lead to
restrictions on consumption. Scarcity is the extent to which demand exceeds the available resources
and can be caused either by drought or by human actions such as population growth, water misuse
and inequitable access to water. At the national level water scarcity is expressed as m3 per capita per
year. The greater the figure the greater is the scarcity. Most of the Mediterranean countries are facing
water scarcity.

Drought: Concept
Drought is a recurrent feature of climate that is characterized by temporary water shortages relative to normal supply, over an extended period of time – a season, a year, or several years. The term is
relative, since droughts differ in extent, duration, and intensity.

Desertification
Desertification means land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities.

Document Can a UN convention effectively tackle desertification?
Document Desertification in the Mediterranean: Environmental Risks of a Mediterranean Free Trade Agreement
URL Desertification Information System (DESIS)
Document Desertification in the Mediterranean Europe: A case in Greece
URL Desertification in the Mediterranean Region. A Security Issue
Document Desertification risk assessment in southern Mediterranean areas
Document Dossier: Désert et Désertification - Le Journal de l'IRD
Document Drought Preparedness and Mitigation in Spain
URL Drought in the Mediterranean
Pointer Earth observation of water cycle and applications in drought monitoring and prediction
Document Global deserts outlook
URL La Convention des Nations unies de lutte contre la désertification (UNCCD)
URL Prevention Activities to Halt the Desertification in Europe
URL Problèmes de dégradation de l’environnement par la désertification et la déforestation : impact du phénomène au Maroc
URL Projects Funds Available on Initiatives to Halt Desertification in Europe
URL The facts of desertification and United Convention to Combat Desertification
URL UNCCD Library & Data Centre
Document Un fil d’Ariane entre les déserts et l’espace
Land Degradation - Arab Environment Monitor