Initiatives & Projects
Sustainable concepts towards a zerooutflow municipality
Starting date: 2003-09-01 -Duration (months): 48
Zer0-M aims at concepts and technologies to achieve optimised close-loopusage of all water flows in small municipalities or settlements (e.g.tourism facilities) not connected to a central wastewater treatment - theZero Outflow Municipality (Zer0-M). Several technologies are alreadyavailable, which allow efficient wastewater treatment and re-use withouthygienic risks on a low-cost and easy-to-handle level. These include:sanitation systems with low water consumption; separation of grey and blackwater; biological treatment of grey water and re-use for non-drinkingpurposes (e.g. irrigation); bio-membrane reactors for intense treatment;constructed wetlands for extensive treatment; and sludge hygienisation forre-use as fertiliser.
The project consortium consists of 11 partners from four MediterraneanPartner Countries (MPC) - Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey, plus EUcountries - Italy, Greece, Austria and Germany, and comprises: aMunicipality, environmental NGOs, non-profit professional organisations andresearch institutions.
The project's target groups are: experts from administration, planning andengineers. Awareness-raising measures also target schools and the interestedpublic. Zer0-M wants to enable one centre in each country to implement anddisseminate SWM solutions and to promote its technologies and approach amongauthorities and consumers. Main issues to be taken into consideration are:
- function, treatment performance and maintenance requirements of existing SWM technologies
- integrated concepts for different applications of decentralised waste water treatment and re-use
- small settlements in rural areas with agricultural production
- isolated tourism facilities
- peri-urban areas not connected to a centralised waste water collection and treatment system.
- hygienic aspects and good practice to avoid health hazards, with special regard on re-use of wastewater and sludge for irrigation and fertilisation.
- costs and tariffs.
- setting-up of an internet network for experts on the above topics; building up links to existing websites; organisation of regional and international conferences; publication of a journal. (know-how exchange)
- training and workshops in Training and Demonstration Centres (TDC) in four MEDA-Partner countries addressing different target groups; excursions for experts to visit existing SWM examples in EU countries; updating of relevant legislation in order to discuss SWM-friendly regulations
- realisation of Zer0-M installations attached to four TDCs (components: water-saving household and sanitary appliances, biological grey water treatment, membrane bioreactors, constructed wetlands); monitoring; pilot implementations for a site in Egypt, a Tunisian rural settlement and a development site in Morocco (technology transfer)
- case studies on four small municipalities or settlements in the 4 MPCs with the elaboration of Zer0-M concepts; developing cartographic visualisation and representation tools; a software tool for modelling economic effects and a life cycle assessment of environment and health aspects of SWM components
- CD-ROM containing a video and information about SWM for different target groups (awareness raising)
|AEE INTEC - Institute for sustainable technologies
(Project coordinator) - web
|AT||Mr. Martin Regelsberger
|LEE - Institut National de Recherche Scientifique et Technique, Laboratoire Eau et Environnement||TN||Mr. Ahmed Ghrabi
|NRC - Water Research & Pollution Control Department, National Research Centre||EG||Mr. Hussein I. Abdel-Shafy
|WTRU - Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Unit||MA||Prof. Bouchaïb El Hamouri
|TUB - TU Berlin, Zentraleinrichtung Kooperation||GE||Ms. Gisela Hoffmann
|wB - Universität Hannover, Zentrale Einrichtung für Weiterbildung||GE||Dr. Martin Beyersdorf
|Fakultät III, Fachgebiet Verfahrenstechnik I||GE||Mr. Matthias Kaume
|IGR - Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna||AT||Mr. Karel Kriz
|Rhodes - Kallithea - Rhodes Sustainability||GR||Mr. Sevi Skiathiti
|ALT - Ambiente e Lavoro Toscana – O.N.L.U.S.||IT||Mrs. Cristina Pinnazzi
|MRC-ESERI - Tübitak-Marmara Research Center||TR||Mr. Ahmet Baban
|FBR - Fachvereinigung Betriebs- und Regenwassernutzung e.V. (fbr) - web||GE||Dietmar Sperfeld